Black Pepper is made from the dried, unripe seed of the Piper Nigrum plant.The perennial plant may reach 20 feet in height and has a woody stem, broad ovate leaves and small white flowers. The berries, which are red when ripe, are harvested just before they ripe and are dried in the sun. Pepper has a sharp, hot and biting taste. It is largely used by meat packers, in canning, pickling, baking and also as an ingredient in spice mixes considering for its preservative value.
Dried ground pepper has been used since antiquity for both its flavour and as a medicine. Black pepper is the world’s most traded spice. It is one of the most common added spices in most European as well as other global cuisines.
Major Black Pepper cultivating states in India are Kerela, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.